The Official Lottery
The official lottery is a form of state gambling that raises revenue for public services. States usually have their own lotteries, but some belong to larger national consortiums. These organizations organize games with a common format and larger jackpots. The largest such games are Powerball and Mega Millions. They are offered in most jurisdictions, but each is subject to local laws and rules.
The first known lotteries date back to the fifteenth century. These early lotteries raised money for town fortifications and charity for the poor. But critics quickly questioned both the ethics of funding government projects with gambling and the amount that states stood to gain. They hailed from across the political spectrum, and included devout Protestants who viewed state-sponsored gambling as immoral.
Lottery opponents often argued that the games were a covert tax, since a person was essentially paying to hazard a trifling sum for the chance of considerable gain. Alexander Hamilton, in his Federalist Papers, agreed that lottery profits should be kept low if the system was to be maintained as an alternative to taxes.
In the past, a lottery official would draw numbers in a ceremony that emphasized the seriousness of the business and the importance of the winner’s choice. The official wore clean white shirt and blue jeans, and he saluted each person who approached the box. The official always talked to each person, and the winners were usually accompanied by family members or friends.